A change of mind or behaviour; this may be attributed even to God in OT (1 Sam. 15:11). It was demanded of the people whose repentance was often merely formalized in cultic actions and as such condemned by prophets as inadequate and empty (Amos 4:6; Hos. 6:4; Isa. 1:10–17) and without the radical change demanded by the Law. The hope lay in the possibility that one day God would give his people a new heart (Ezek. 36:26–31) and there would be forgiveness to all who repented (Isa. 1:18–19). In the NT repentance is called for by John the Baptist (Matt. 3:9–10) and is to be validated by baptism. The call is repeated by Jesus (Luke 5:32) and sometimes Paul (e.g. Rom. 2:4) and in Rev. (2:5).

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  • Repentance — Re*pent ance (r[ e]*p[e^]nt ans), n. [F. repentance.] The act of repenting, or the state of being penitent; sorrow for what one has done or omitted to do; especially, contrition for sin. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Godly sorrow worketh repentance to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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